Yes. Finland is a member of the European Union, which implements UN sanctions in all member states by way of directly effective regulations.
Does Finland implement an autonomous sanctions regime?
What is the nature of the sanctions regime in Finland?
Finland follows the restrictive measures laid down by the UN, the EU and other international organisations which are binding on Finland. Sanctions measures include restrictions on imports and exports, financial sanctions and restrictions on admission to the country.
Does Finland maintain a list of sanctioned individuals and entities?
No. Finland relies on UN and EU sanctions lists.
Are there any other lists related to sanctions?
Does Finland have a licensing or authorisation system in place?
Yes. The Foreign Ministry must authorise the transfer of funds where sanctions apply. Applications for authorisation are generally made by the exporting party’s bank. As well, an authorisation procedure is currently in place for transfers of funds to and from Iran.
What are the consequences for a breach of sanctions in Finland?
The consequences for a breach or attempted breach of sanctions, including UN and EU sanctions, are set out in Chapter 46, Sections 1 to 3 of the Finnish Criminal Code. They are:
for a petty regulation offence, a fine
for a regulation offence, a fine or imprisonment for up to 2 years
for an aggravated regulation offence, imprisonment for between 4 months and 4 years
The provisions relating to regulation offences and aggravated regulation offences also apply to corporate persons (Chapter 46, Section 13 of the Finnish Criminal Code and Chapter 1, Section 9 of the Finnish Penal Code).
Who are the relevant regulators in Finland and what are their contact details?
The Ministry for Foreign Affairs is responsible for administering sanctions in Finland.
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